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Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing

Today we’ll explore one of the latest innovations in technology: quantum computing.

In this post, we’re going to address the following questions:

  • What is quantum computing?
  • How do quantum computers work?
  • What can quantum computers do?
  • Why are people investing in quantum computers?
  • And how long until we see their commercial use.

So if you’re looking to learn about quantum computing and expand your knowledge base, you’ll enjoy this article.

Let’s dive right in.

application of quantum computers

What is quantum computing?

Quantum computing is a new way of processing information by harnessing the laws of quantum mechanics.

In doing so, quantum machines promise to surpass the supercomputers of today, becoming the supercomputers of tomorrow

So what makes them different from typical computers?

Quantum computers vs. Classic computers

The difference between traditional computers and quantum computers is in the way they process information.

A classic computer uses “bits” of information. Long strings of bits encode information into ones and zeros. The machine can then use that to process the encoded data.

On the other hand, a quantum computer uses qubits (or quantum bits) to process information. A qubit allows a quantum system to encode data into two different states (ones and zeros), which behave quantumly.

That allows quantum computers to capitalize on the phenomena of superposition and entanglement.

What are superposition and entanglement in quantum computing?

Superposition and entanglement occur in the quantum realm at the quantum particle level (atoms, electrons, protons, and others).

Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to adopt multiple states at the same time. So, a zero can be a one, and a one can be a zero.

Entanglement, on the other hand, is a correlation between paired quantum particles. That enables them to exist in a quantum state regardless of the distance between them.

Simply put, let’s say that you have two qubits and that they form a pair. Changing the state of one qubit will instantly alter the state of the other qubit (even when separated by vast distances).

For example, if you have two strings of ones and zeroes like this 1010, changing it to this 0101 will change them both.

But why should these phenomena matter to you?

quantum technology

Why do quantum effects matter?

Quantum computing uses superposition and entanglement to process tremendous numbers of calculations at the same time. That enables quantum mechanical computers to use ones, zeros, and the superpositions of those ones and zeros.

These quantum effects make it possible to complete specific tasks that have previously been too great or complex for traditional computers.

The road to quantum computational supremacy may also lead to the evolution of universal quantum computers.

These systems may use quantum effects of superposition and entanglement to produce states that scale exponentially with the number of qubits they process.

What is the application of quantum computers?

While quantum computer services today are still in development, there are already practical applications of these systems.

For example, one promising application may be to simulate the behavior of matter. Giants in the car manufacturing industry – Volkswagen and Daimler are using quantum computers. Their scientists are creating models that imitate the behavior of particles in batteries of electric vehicles.

That is helping them find new ways of improving the performance of the batteries; to extend their power output beyond the current standards, for example.

Another application of quantum computing may be in cybersecurity services.

Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) will improve cryptographic protocols, like the one-time pad.

The problem with the one-time pad is the distribution of the random secret key. At the moment, it relies on exchange books. In the future, QKD will allow this distribution to happen at a distance.

QKD uses another property of quantum mechanics: any attempt to gauge or view a quantum system disturbs it.

So the two users who share the random encryption will receive the same code (sets of ones and zeroes).

But if an unauthorized person wants to access the same code, they’ll disturb the system, and the authorized users will be able to detect this because their secret codes won’t match.

Quantum tech trends

Is quantum technology years away?

Quantum technology is already here. And it’s commercially available. For example, QKD is already in use at the Institute for Quantum Computing, where researchers use it to develop quantum encryption.

But when will quantum computers be available to you?

The practical use of quantum computers is relatively low, mainly because they lack the power to replace traditional computers.

Currently, only large-scale enterprises and research centers see the benefit of quantum computers. The technology is still pretty low on the Gartner hype cycle.

Still, the future of quantum computing looks bright. With new research and development emerging every day, 20 years from now, all of us may use quantum computers in our everyday lives.

If you’d like to learn more about innovative and emerging technology, please follow Demakis Technologies and continue reading about it on our blog.

Top 7 Technology Trends in 2021

Top 7 Technology Trends in 2021

In this article, we take a look at technology trends in 2021.

Most of the technology trends are a result of COVID-19, the disruption it caused, and the accelerated digital transformation that followed.

The outcome is a tech landscape that’s adopting innovation in three key areas:

People centricity: Technology as a service of people, as the core of all business.
Location autonomy: Technology that supports the increasingly remote landscape.
Resilience: Technology that helps organizations adjust to any disruption.

Top 7 Tech Trends in 2021

As typical, all of the tech trends we’ll mention don’t operate independently. Instead, they build on each other, and cover multiple industries and facets of everyday life:

● Work
● Education
● Transportation
● Healthcare
● Retail
● Security
● And more

With that in mind, we’ve selected seven trends you need towatch out for.

Let’s take a look.

1. Internet of Behaviors

Internet of Behaviors (IoB) is a direct response to the disruption caused by COVID-19. As public and commercial organizations collect more data in both the physical and digital worlds, IoB could help them use that information to influence peoples’ behavior through feedback loops.

For example, institutions could apply IoB in education. Schools and universities could monitor students’ interaction with online courses and adjust the UI to reflect actual use in the remote classroom. As a result, IoB may enhance the learning experience in the New Normal.

2. Total experience

Total experience links different experiences to give organizations a more holistic view of how people want to interact with them and adjust those interactions according to desired business outcomes.

The total experience combines:
● Multi-experience
● Customer experience
● Employee experience
● User experience
● Product and service experience

By collecting this type of data and analyzing it with the use of AI, businesses can find out where all of these experiences intersect. In doing so, the role of technology in business can allow companies to take advantage of the disruptions caused by COVID-19, including remote work and virtual customers.

Top Tech Trends in 2021

3. Privacy-enhancing computation

Privacy-enhancing computation is a new data-sharing system. It combines three cybersecurity tech innovations that allow rivalling organizations to share, process, and analyze data with zero risks to confidentiality.

Pharmacy researchers from rival companies have used this trend to develop treatments for COVID-19. But its application could spill into other industries, as well.

For example, in retail, rivalling businesses could share data to penetrate a new market or manage a takeover of a third party.

4. Distributed cloud

A distributed cloud is a cloud service that distributes the cloud to different physical locations, while the public cloud provider remains responsible for controlling, managing and operating it.

According to Gartner:

Distributed cloud is the future of cloud.

Bringing cloud services closer to the organization could improve the capabilities of their public cloud. For example, it could increase response time, reduce the cost of data, and help with regulations that determine where data is stored.

Top Technology Trends in 2021

5. Anywhere operations

The anywhere operations model is “digital-first, remote-first” tech strategy. It allows customers, employees and partners to interact with an organization remotely.

For example, in e-commerce, online stores can allow customers to use click & collect if they don’t want their goods delivered at home. Or in finance, with mobile banks that transfer funds, open accounts, or handle payments without physical contact.

6. Cybersecurity mesh

The cybersecurity mesh is the next stage in the evolution of a “walled city” and a response to next-gencyber-attacks.

It allows organizations to create a security framework around parameters specific to a person or object.

Cyber security providers already use it to encrypt data and keep systems safe by centralizing the way they enforce and distribute security policies.

7. Hyperautomation

As companies scrambled to accelerate their digital transformation in the wake of COVID-19, many of them did so without a clear strategy. Hyperautomation is a direct response to that problem.

Technically, hyperautomation is the concept of automating all business activities, processes and operations with digital technologies. But instead of relying on a host of disconnected systems, hyperautomation focuses on efficiency.

That means organizations have to create systems that are streamlined, optimized, connected, fast, and agile.

For example, many distributors rely on delivery management software. It enables them to control fulfilment throughout the lifecycle of every order and across the entire supply chain.

How will future technology affect business in the future?

This was our pick of the top seven technologies that will impact 2021. As technology changes over time, we’re sure more trends will emerge.

What will the influence of technology on consumption look like? What will be the up and coming role of technology post-COVID? And what will be the application of technology in business?

Only time will tell. All you can do for now is stay informed, and continue following our Demakis Technologies blog for the latest updates from the world of technology.